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Natural Material Innovation

Sustainable Living


The focus of my research is environmental fluid mechanics. Our group conducts experimental and theoretical research on problems associated with our environment and the processes that affect and are impacted by climate change. We study and develop models of the fluid flow in low-energy buildings, gravity-driven flows in stratified and rotating fluids, internal waves and mixing in stratified fluids


Key publications: 
  • Linden, P.F. 2011 The efficiency of pulsed-jet propulsion. J. Fluid Mech., 668, 1-4
  • Thomas, P.J. & Linden, P.F. 2010 Laboratory modelling of the effects of temporal changes of estuarine-fresh-water discharge rates on the propagation speed of oceanographic coastal currents. J. Fluid Mech., 664, 337-347
  • Maurer, B.D., Bolster, D.T. & Linden, P.F. 2010 Intrusive gravity currents between two stably stratified fluids. J. Fluid Mech., 647, 53-69
  • Bolster, D.T. & Linden, P.F. 2008 Particle transport in low-energy ventilation systems. Part 1: theory of steady states. Indoor Air, 19, 122-129
  • Bolster, D.T. & Linden, P.F. 2008 Particle transport in low-energy ventilation systems. Part 2: transient and experiments. Indoor Air, 19, 130-144
  • Flynn, M.R., Bourbarne, T. & Linden P.F. 2008 The dynamics of steady, partial-depth intrusive gravity currents. Atmos.-Ocean, 46, 421-432
  • Thomas, L.P., marino, B.M., Tovar, R. & Linden, P.F. 2008 Buoyancy-driven flow between two rooms coupled by two vents at different levels. J. Fluid Mech., 594, 425-443
  • Bolster, D.T., Hang, A. & Linden, P.F. 2008 The front speed of intrusions in a continuously stratified fluid. J. Fluid Mech., 594, 369-377
  • Scase, M.M., Caulfield, C.P., Linden, P.F. & Dalziel, S.B. 2007 Local implications for self-similar turbulent plume models. J. Fluid Mech., 575, 257-265
  • Flynn, M.R. & Linden, P.F. 2006 Intrusive gravity currents. J. Fluid Mech., 568, 193-202
  • Linden, P.F. & Turner, J.S. 2004 'Optimal' vortex rings and aquatic propulsion. Proc. R. Soc. B, 271, 647-653
  • Linden, P.F. & Turner, J.S. 2001 The formation of optimal vortex rings and the efficiency of propulsion devices. J. Fluid Mech., 427, 61-72
  • Linden, P.F. 1999 The fluid mechanics of natural ventilation. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 31, 201-238
G.I. Taylor Professor of Fluid Mechanics, DAMTP
Emeritus Fellow of Downing
Blasker Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Environmental Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, UC San Diego
Professor  Paul   Linden
Not available for consultancy



Latest news

Royal Society Summer Exhibition 2019

27 June 2019

Come visit us at our 'Timber Towers of Tomorrow' exhibit at The Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition 2019, London from the 1st to 7th July 2019 (10am to 6pm)

New insight into the structure of building blocks of plant biomass.

6 November 2018

In a paper recently published in Plant Physiology we investigate the structure and function of one of an important component of plant biomass – galactoglucomannan (GGM). The GGM is a polysaccharide, a polymer made from multiple sugar molecules joined together. It is one of the principal components of softwood, wood from...

FLOWER approved by the Interreg VA France (Channel) England Programme

15 June 2018

FLOWER aims to develop innovative flax fibre reinforcements for sustainable composites applications in the marine, automotive and point-of-sale advertising sectors

Professor Paul Dupree named a 2017 Highly Cited Researcher

7 December 2017

We are thrilled by the news that Professor Paul Dupree, our project Co-I has been named a 2017 Highly Cited Researcher,with the Dupree group’s research among the top 1% most cited works in the field of plant and animal biology. Professor Dupree commented that: “ I’m very proud to be named a 2017 Highly Cited Researcher...